The Global Market for Graphene and 2D Materials 2023-2033

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Published September 2022 | 730 pages, 189 tables, 201 figures | Download Table of contents

The market for graphene has grown hugely in the past decade, with numerous products now on the market and more to come as graphene producers record steadily increasing revenues and OEMs witnessing significant returns in clothing, sportswear, footwear, tires, batteries etc. The market for graphene in batteries is witnessing large-scale investments. 

Graphene is attracting increasing attention from investors, researchers and industrial players due to exceptional mechanical, electronic, and thermal properties. Graphene is available in multi-ton quantities from many producers and has been identified by many industry sectors as a key materials that will drive future product development in flexible electronics, smart textiles, biosensors, drug delivery, water filtration, supercapacitors and more.

The Global Market for Graphene and 2D Materials 2023-2033 is the most comprehensive and up-to date report on graphene and 2D materials currently available, from the world's leading market authority on graphene and publisher of Graphene Magazine. Profiling over 350 companies, the report provides key information for investors and executives to enable them to understand and take advantage of the opportunities provided by graphene and 2D materials.

The Global Market for Graphene and 2D Materials 2023-2033 contains:

  • Assessment of graphene by market including applications, key benefits, market megatrends, market drivers for graphene, technology drawbacks, competing materials, potential consumption of graphene to 2033 and main players.
  • Assessment of graphene materials (CVD graphene, graphene nano platelets, graphene oxide, etc), intermediate products (graphene masterbatches, dispersions, etc) and final products with graphene embedded (e.g. headphones, tennis racquets, etc). Tabular data on current graphene products.
  • Graphical depictions of graphene applications by market.
  • In depth-assessment of graphene producer and distributor pricing in 2021.
  • Global market for graphene in tons, by sector, historical and forecast to 2033. Global graphene market size split by market in 2021 and for each application to 2033.
  • Full list of technology collaborations, strategic partnerships, and M&As in the global graphene market including collaboration dates. 
  • In-depth profiles of more than 362 graphene producers and application/product developers including products, production capacities, manufacturing methods, collaborations, licensing, customers and target markets. Companies profiled include Directa Plus, Global Graphene Group, Anaphite Limited, Saint Jean Carbon, Huvis, SafeLi LLC, Grapheal, Graphex Group Ltd, Versarien, Talga Resources, Archer Materials, Haydale Graphene, Paragraf, Graphenea and many more.
  • List of ex-graphene producers. 
  • Detailed forecasts for key growth areas, opportunities and demand.
  • Market overview of industry developments in 2020-22. 
  • Unique market assessment tools to assess the viability of graphene, by market, and application.
  • Market assessment of other 2D materials.
  • Analysis of 2D materials market including Boron Nitride nanotubes (BNNTs), hexagonal boron-nitride (BNNS), transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDC), Mxenes, Borophene, Phosphorene, Graphitic carbon nitride, Germanene, Graphyne, graphane, Rhenium disulfide (ReS2) and diselenide (ReSe2), silicene, Stanene/tinene, Tungsten diselenide, Antimonene, diamene and indium selenide. 

 

Purchasers will also receive a subscription to Graphene Magazine for 12 issues (plus 30 back issues) and report updates for 12 months. 

 

1              EXECUTIVE SUMMARY   34

  • 1.1          Graphene properties     34
  • 1.2          Commercialization           35
  • 1.3          The graphene market to date     36
  • 1.4          The graphene market in 2021      37
  • 1.5          The graphene market in 2022      39
  • 1.6          Graphene commercial market developments 2020-2022 40
  • 1.7          Graphene funding and investments 2020-2022    45
  • 1.8          Publicly listed graphene companies         47
  • 1.9          Graphene global production capacities, in tons and by type          48
  • 1.10        Global demand for graphene      50
    • 1.10.1    Global graphene demand, to 2033, tons 50
    • 1.10.2    Global graphene demand, by end user market to 2033     53
    • 1.10.3    Graphene market, by region       56
      • 1.10.3.1                Asia-Pacific         56
      • 1.10.3.2                North America   59
      • 1.10.3.3                Europe 61
  • 1.11        Graphene products         62
  • 1.12        Industrial collaborations and licence agreements              65
  • 1.13        Graphene market challenges      73

 

2              OVERVIEW OF GRAPHENE            75

  • 2.1          History  75
  • 2.2          Properties           76
  • 2.3          Types of graphene           77
    • 2.3.1      Graphene materials        78
      • 2.3.1.1   CVD Graphene  78
      • 2.3.1.2   Graphene nanoplatelets               80
      • 2.3.1.3   Graphene oxide and reduced Graphene Oxide    81
      • 2.3.1.4   Graphene quantum dots (GQDs)               82
    • 2.3.2      Intermediate products  97
      • 2.3.2.1   Graphene masterbatches             97
      • 2.3.2.2   Graphene dispersions    97

 

3              GRAPHENE PRODUCTION             99

  • 3.1          Quality  100
  • 3.2          Assessment of graphene production methods    101

 

4              REGULATIONS   106

  • 4.1          Environmental, health and safety regulation        106
    • 4.1.1      Europe 106
    • 4.1.2      United States     107
    • 4.1.3      Asia-Pacific         108
  • 4.2          Workplace exposure      109

 

5              GRAPHENE PATENTS AND PUBLICATIONS             111

 

6              GRAPHENE PRODUCTION             113

  • 6.1          Commercial production capacities            114
  • 6.2          Graphene oxide and reduced Graphene Oxide production capacities        115
    • 6.2.1      By producer       115
  • 6.3          Graphene nanoplatelets production capacities   116
    • 6.3.1      By producer       117
  • 6.4          CVD graphene film           118
    • 6.4.1      By producer       118
  • 6.5          Graphene production issues and challenges         119
    • 6.5.1      Oversupply         119
    • 6.5.2      Quality  119
    • 6.5.3      Large-volume markets   120
    • 6.5.4      Commoditisation             120
    • 6.5.5      Industrial end-user perspective 121

 

7              GRAPHENE PRICING       122

  • 7.1          Pristine graphene flakes pricing/CVD graphene  124
  • 7.2          Few-Layer graphene pricing        125
  • 7.3          Graphene nanoplatelets pricing 126
  • 7.4          Graphene oxide (GO) and reduced Graphene Oxide (rGO) pricing               127
  • 7.5          Graphene quantum dots pricing 129
  • 7.6          Multilayer graphene (MLG) pricing           130
  • 7.7          Graphene ink     131

 

8              MARKETS FOR GRAPHENE            132

  • 8.1          3D PRINTING     132
    • 8.1.1      Graphene in 3D printing 132
    • 8.1.2      Market outlook 132
    • 8.1.3      Market drivers, trends and applications  133
    • 8.1.4      Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2033       136
    • 8.1.5      Product developers        138
  • 8.2          ADHESIVES         140
    • 8.2.1      Graphene in adhesives  140
    • 8.2.2      Market outlook 141
    • 8.2.3      Market drivers, trends and applications  141
    • 8.2.4      Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2033       144
    • 8.2.5      Product developers        145
  • 8.3          AEROSPACE        147
    • 8.3.1      Market overview             147
    • 8.3.2      Market prospects            147
    • 8.3.3      Market assessment        148
    • 8.3.4      Applications Map             150
    • 8.3.5      Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2033       151
    • 8.3.6      Product developers        152
  • 8.4          AUTOMOTIVE   155
    • 8.4.1      Graphene in the automotive sector          155
    • 8.4.2      Market outlook 156
    • 8.4.3      Market drivers, trends and applications  157
    • 8.4.4      Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2033       160
    • 8.4.5      Product developers        161
  • 8.5          BATTERIES           165
    • 8.5.1      Graphene in batteries    165
      • 8.5.1.1   Battery market megatrends        166
    • 8.5.2      Market outlook 171
      • 8.5.2.1   Flexible and stretchable batteries             173
    • 8.5.3      Market drivers, trends and applications  174
    • 8.5.4      Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2033       179
    • 8.5.5      Product developers        180
  • 8.6          COMPOSITES     186
    • 8.6.1      Graphene in composites               186
    • 8.6.2      Fiber-based polymer composite parts     186
      • 8.6.2.1   Market outlook 186
      • 8.6.2.2   Market drivers, trends and applications  187
    • 8.6.3      Metal-matrix composites             191
      • 8.6.3.1   Market drivers, trends and applications  191
    • 8.6.4      Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2033       192
    • 8.6.5      Product developers        193
  • 8.7          CONDUCTIVE INKS          199
    • 8.7.1      Graphene in conductive inks       199
    • 8.7.2      Market outlook 199
    • 8.7.3      Market drivers, trends and applications  200
    • 8.7.4      Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2033       204
    • 8.7.5      Product developers        206
  • 8.8          CONSTRUCTION AND BUILDINGS              209
    • 8.8.1      Graphene in construction and buildings  209
    • 8.8.2      Market outlook 209
    • 8.8.3      Market drivers, trends and applications  210
      • 8.8.3.1   Cement 210
      • 8.8.3.2   Asphalt bitumen               212
      • 8.8.3.3   Aerogels              213
    • 8.8.4      Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2033       214
    • 8.8.5      Product developers        215
  • 8.9          ELECTRONICS     218
    • 8.9.1      WEARABLE ELECTRONICS AND DISPLAYS 218
      • 8.9.1.1   Graphene in wearable electronics and displays   218
      • 8.9.1.2   Market outlook 219
      • 8.9.1.3   Market drivers, trends and applications  219
      • 8.9.1.4   Global market, historical and forecast to 2033      222
      • 8.9.1.5   Product developers        223
    • 8.9.2      TRANSISTORS AND INTEGRATED CIRCUITS            225
      • 8.9.2.1   Graphene in transistors and integrated circuits    225
      • 8.9.2.2   Market outlook 226
      • 8.9.2.3   Market drivers, trends and applications  226
      • 8.9.2.4   Global market, historical and forecast to 2033      229
      • 8.9.2.5   Product developers        230
    • 8.9.3      MEMORY DEVICES           232
      • 8.9.3.1   Graphene in memory devices     232
      • 8.9.3.2   Market outlook 232
      • 8.9.3.3   Market drivers, trends and applications  233
      • 8.9.3.4   Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2031       234
      • 8.9.3.5   Product developers        236
  • 8.10        FILTER MEDIA    237
    • 8.10.1    Graphene in filter media               237
    • 8.10.2    Market prospects            237
    • 8.10.3    Market drivers, trends and applications  238
    • 8.10.4    Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2033       242
    • 8.10.5    Product developers        244
  • 8.11        FUEL CELLS          247
    • 8.11.1    Graphene in fuel cells     247
    • 8.11.2    Market outlook 247
    • 8.11.3    Market drivers, trends and applications  248
    • 8.11.4    Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2033       252
    • 8.11.5    Product developers        253
  • 8.12        LIFE SCIENCES AND MEDICINE    254
    • 8.12.1    Graphene in life sciences and medicine  254
    • 8.12.2    Market outlook 255
      • 8.12.2.1                Drug delivery     255
      • 8.12.2.2                Imaging and diagnostics 256
      • 8.12.2.3                Implants              256
      • 8.12.2.4                Medical biosensors         257
      • 8.12.2.5                Woundcare        258
      • 8.12.2.6                Medical wearables          258
      • 8.12.2.7                Gene delivery    259
    • 8.12.3    Market drivers, trends and applications  260
    • 8.12.4    Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2033       264
    • 8.12.5    Product developers        266
  • 8.13        LIGHTING            270
    • 8.13.1    Graphene in lighting        270
    • 8.13.2    Market outlook 270
    • 8.13.3    Market drivers, trends and applications  271
    • 8.13.4    Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2033       273
    • 8.13.5    Product developers        274
  • 8.14        LUBRICANTS      276
    • 8.14.1    Graphene in lubricants. 276
    • 8.14.2    Market outlook 277
    • 8.14.3    Market drivers, trends and applications  278
    • 8.14.4    Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2033       280
    • 8.14.5    Product developers        281
  • 8.15        OIL AND GAS      284
    • 8.15.1    Graphene in oil and gas 284
    • 8.15.2    Market outlook 284
    • 8.15.3    Market drivers, trends and applications  285
    • 8.15.4    Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2033       287
    • 8.15.5    Product developers        288
  • 8.16        PAINTS AND COATINGS 290
    • 8.16.1    Graphene in paints and coatings                290
    • 8.16.2    Market outlook 290
    • 8.16.3    Market drivers, trends and applications  291
    • 8.16.4    Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2031       294
    • 8.16.5    Product developers        296
  • 8.17        PHOTONICS        301
    • 8.17.1    Graphene in paints and coatings.              301
    • 8.17.2    Market outlook 301
    • 8.17.3    Market drivers, trends and applications  302
    • 8.17.4    Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2031       305
    • 8.17.5    Product developers        307
  • 8.18        PHOTOVOLTAICS             308
    • 8.18.1    Graphene in photovoltaics           308
    • 8.18.2    Market outlook 309
    • 8.18.3    Market drivers, trends and applications  309
    • 8.18.4    Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2031       312
    • 8.18.5    Product developers        313
  • 8.19        RUBBER AND TIRES          315
    • 8.19.1    Graphene in rubber and tires.     315
    • 8.19.2    Market outlook 315
    • 8.19.3    Market drivers, trends and applications  316
    • 8.19.4    Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2031       319
    • 8.19.5    Product developers        321
  • 8.20        SENSORS             324
    • 8.20.1    Graphene in sensors.     324
    • 8.20.2    Market outlook 325
    • 8.20.3    Market drivers, trends and applications  325
    • 8.20.4    Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2031       329
    • 8.20.5    Product developers        331
  • 8.21        TEXTILES AND APPAREL 335
    • 8.21.1    Graphene in textiles and apparel.             335
    • 8.21.2    Market outlook 335
    • 8.21.3    Market drivers, trends and applications  336
    • 8.21.4    Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2031       341
    • 8.21.5    Product developers        342
  • 8.22        SUPERCAPACITORS         347
    • 8.22.1    Graphene in supercapacitors.     347
    • 8.22.2    Market outlook 347
    • 8.22.3    Market drivers, trends and applications  348
      • 8.22.3.1                Flexible and stretchable supercapacitors               350
    • 8.22.4    Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2031       351
    • 8.22.5    Product developers        352
  • 8.23        OTHER MARKETS              355
    • 8.23.1    Audio equipment             355
    • 8.23.2    Sporting goods and apparel         355

 

9              GRAPHENE PRODUCER ASSESSMENT      357

  • 9.1          Types of graphene produced, by producer            357
  • 9.2          Markets targeted, by producer  361
  • 9.3          Graphene product developers target markets     364

 

10           GRAPHENE COMPANY PROFILES 368

 

11           GRAPHENE EX-PRODUCERS AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS 624

 

12           OTHER 2-D MATERIALS  639

  • 12.1        Comparative analysis of graphene and other 2D materials              642
  • 12.2        2D MATERIALS PRODUCTION METHODS 644
    • 12.2.1    Top-down exfoliation     644
      • 12.2.1.1                Mechanical exfoliation method 645
      • 12.2.1.2                Liquid exfoliation method            645
    • 12.2.2    Bottom-up synthesis      646
      • 12.2.2.1                Chemical synthesis in solution    646
      • 12.2.2.2                Chemical vapor deposition           646
  • 12.3        TYPES OF 2D MATERIALS              648
    • 12.3.1    Hexagonal boron-nitride (h-BN)/Bboron nitride nanosheets (BNNSs)        648
      • 12.3.1.1                Properties           648
      • 12.3.1.2                Applications and markets             649
    • 12.3.2    MXenes               652
      • 12.3.2.1                Properties           652
      • 12.3.2.2                Applications       653
    • 12.3.3    Transition metal dichalcogenides (TMD) 654
      • 12.3.3.1                Properties           655
      • 12.3.3.2                Applications       657
    • 12.3.4    Borophene         659
      • 12.3.4.1                Properties           659
      • 12.3.4.2                Applications       660
    • 12.3.5    Phosphorene/ Black phosphorus              661
      • 12.3.5.1                Properties           662
      • 12.3.5.2                Applications       663
    • 12.3.6    Graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4)             666
      • 12.3.6.1                Properties           666
      • 12.3.6.2                C2N        666
      • 12.3.6.3                Applications       667
    • 12.3.7    Germanene       668
      • 12.3.7.1                Properties           668
      • 12.3.7.2                Applications       669
    • 12.3.8    Graphdiyne        670
      • 12.3.8.1                Properties           671
      • 12.3.8.2                Applications       671
    • 12.3.9    Graphane            673
      • 12.3.9.1                Properties           674
      • 12.3.9.2                Applications       674
    • 12.3.10  Rhenium disulfide (ReS2) and diselenide (ReSe2)               675
      • 12.3.10.1              Properties           675
      • 12.3.10.2              Applications       675
    • 12.3.11  Silicene 676
      • 12.3.11.1              Properties           676
      • 12.3.11.2              Applications       677
    • 12.3.12  Stanene/tinene 679
      • 12.3.12.1              Properties           679
      • 12.3.12.2              Applications       680
    • 12.3.13  Antimonene      681
      • 12.3.13.1              Properties           681
      • 12.3.13.2              Applications       681
    • 12.3.14  Indium selenide 682
      • 12.3.14.1              Properties           682
      • 12.3.14.2              Applications       682
    • 12.3.15  Layered double hydroxides (LDH)             683
      • 12.3.15.1              Properties           683
      • 12.3.15.2              Applications       683
  • 12.4        2D MATERIALS PRODUCER AND SUPPLIER PROFILES         686 (19 company profiles)

 

13           RESEARCH METHODOLOGY         703

  • 13.1        Technology Readiness Level (TRL)             703

 

14           REFERENCES       706

 

List of Tables

  • Table 1. Graphene commercial market developments 2020-2022.               40
  • Table 2. Graphene funding and investments 2020-2022.  45
  • Table 3. Publicly listed graphene companies.       47
  • Table 4. Main graphene producers by country, annual production capacities, types and main markets they sell to.                48
  • Table 5. Demand for graphene (tons), 2018-2033.              51
  • Table 6. Main graphene producers in North America.       59
  • Table 7. Main graphene producers in Europe.      61
  • Table 8. Commercial products incorporating graphene.  63
  • Table 9. Graphene industrial collaborations, licence agreements and target markets.        66
  • Table 10. Graphene market challenges. 73
  • Table 11. Properties of graphene, properties of competing materials, applications thereof.            76
  • Table 12. Applications of GO and rGO.    82
  • Table 13. Comparison of graphene QDs and semiconductor QDs. 84
  • Table 14. Advantages and disadvantages of methods for preparing GQDs.              87
  • Table 15. Applications of graphene quantum dots.            88
  • Table 16. Markets and applications for graphene quantum dots in electronics and photonics.        89
  • Table 17. Markets and applications for graphene quantum dots in energy storage and conversion.             90
  • Table 18. Markets and applications for graphene quantum dots in sensors.           91
  • Table 19. Markets and applications for graphene quantum dots in biomedicine and life sciences. 92
  • Table 20. Markets and applications for graphene quantum dots in electronics.     93
  • Table 21. Market and technology challenges for graphene quantum dots.              94
  • Table 22. Prices for graphene quantum dots.       96
  • Table 23. Assessment of graphene production methods. 103
  • Table 24. Regulations and rulings related to graphene in Europe. 106
  • Table 25. Regulations and rulings related to graphene in North America. 107
  • Table 26. Regulations and rulings related to graphene in Asia-Pacific.        108
  • Table 27. Accumulated number of patent publications for graphene, 2004-2021. 111
  • Table 28. Demand for graphene (tons), 2018-2033.            113
  • Table 29. Graphene oxide production capacity by producer, 2014-2022.   115
  • Table 30. Graphene nanoplatelets capacity in tons by producer, 2010-2022.           117
  • Table 31. CVD graphene film capacity by producer, 2014-2022 in 000s m2.             118
  • Table 32. Types of graphene and typical prices.   122
  • Table 33. Pristine graphene flakes pricing by producer.   125
  • Table 34. Few-layer graphene pricing by producer.           126
  • Table 35. Graphene nanoplatelets pricing by producer.   126
  • Table 36. Graphene oxide and reduced graphene oxide pricing, by producer.        127
  • Table 37. Graphene quantum dots pricing by producer.  129
  • Table 38. Multi-layer graphene pricing by producer.         130
  • Table 39. Graphene ink pricing by producer.        131
  • Table 40. Market overview for graphene in 3D printing.  132
  • Table 41. Market outlook for graphene in 3D printing.     132
  • Table 42. Market and applications for graphene in 3D printing.    133
  • Table 43. Demand for graphene in 3-D printing (tons), 2018-2033.              136
  • Table 44. Product developers in graphene 3D printing.    138
  • Table 45. Market overview for graphene in adhesives.    140
  • Table 46. Market outlook for graphene in adhesives.       141
  • Table 47. Market and applications for graphene in adhesives.      141
  • Table 48. Demand for graphene in adhesives (tons), 2018-2033.  144
  • Table 49. Product developers in graphene adhesives.      145
  • Table 50. Market overview for graphene in aerospace.    147
  • Table 51. Scorecard for graphene in aerospace.  147
  • Table 52. Market and applications for graphene in aerospace.     148
  • Table 53: Demand for graphene in aerospace (tons), 2018-2030. 151
  • Table 54: Product developers in graphene for aerospace.              152
  • Table 55. Market overview for graphene in the automotive market.          156
  • Table 56. Market outlook for graphene in automotive.    156
  • Table 57. Market and applications for graphene in automotive.   157
  • Table 58. Demand for graphene in automotive (tons), 2018-2033.               160
  • Table 59. Product developers in the graphene automotive market.           161
  • Table 60. Applications of nanomaterials in batteries.        165
  • Table 61. Market overview for graphene in batteries.      170
  • Table 62. Market outlook for graphene in batteries.         171
  • Table 63. Market drivers for use of nanomaterials in batteries.    171
  • Table 64. Applications of nanomaterials in flexible and stretchable batteries, by materials type and benefits thereof.                174
  • Table 65. Market and applications for graphene in batteries.        174
  • Table 66. Estimated demand for graphene in batteries (tons), 2018-2033.               179
  • Table 67. Product developers in graphene batteries.        180
  • Table 68. Market overview for graphene in composites. 186
  • Table 69. Market outlook for graphene in fiber-based polymer composite parts. 186
  • Table 70. Market and applications for graphene in fiber-based composite parts.  187
  • Table 71. Market and applications for graphene in metal matrix composites.        191
  • Table 72. Global market for graphene in composites 2018-2033, tons.      192
  • Table 73. Product developers in graphene composites.   193
  • Table 74. Market overview for graphene in conductive inks.          199
  • Table 75. Market outlook for graphene in conductive inks.            199
  • Table 76. Market and applications for graphene in conductive inks.           200
  • Table 77. Comparative properties of conductive inks.       203
  • Table 78. Demand for graphene in conductive ink (tons), 2018-2033.         204
  • Table 79. Product developers in graphene conductive inks.           206
  • Table 80. Market overview for graphene in construction and buildings.    209
  • Table 81. Market outlook for graphene in construction.  209
  • Table 82. Graphene for concrete and cement.     210
  • Table 83. Graphene for asphalt bitumen.               212
  • Table 84. Demand for graphene in construction (tons), 2018-2033.             214
  • Table 85: Graphene product developers in construction. 215
  • Table 86. Market overview for graphene in wearable electronics and displays.      218
  • Table 87. Market outlook for graphene in wearable electronics and displays.        219
  • Table 88. Market and applications for graphene in electronics.    219
  • Table 89. Comparison of ITO replacements.         221
  • Table 90. Demand for graphene in wearable, flexible and stretchable electronics, 2018-2033.         222
  • Table 91. Product developers in graphene-based electronics.       223
  • Table 92. Market overview for graphene in transistors and integrated circuits.      225
  • Table 93. Comparative properties of silicon and graphene transistors.      225
  • Table 94. Market outlook for graphene in transistors and integrated circuits.         226
  • Table 95. Market and applications for graphene in transistors and integrated circuits.       226
  • Table 96. Demand for graphene in transistors and integrated circuits, 2018-2033.                229
  • Table 97. Product developers in graphene transistors and integrated circuits.        230
  • Table 98. Market overview for graphene in memory devices.       232
  • Table 99. Market outlook for graphene in memory devices.          233
  • Table 100. Market and applications for graphene in memory devices.      233
  • Table 101. Demand for graphene in memory devices, 2018-2033.               235
  • Table 102. Product developers in graphene memory devices.      236
  • Table 103. Market overview for graphene in filtration.     237
  • Table 104. Market outlook for graphene in filtration.        237
  • Table 105. Market and applications for graphene in filtration.      238
  • Table 106. Demand for graphene in filtration (tons), 2018-2033.  242
  • Table 107. Graphene companies in filtration.       244
  • Table 108. Market overview for graphene in fuel cells.     247
  • Table 109. Market outlook for graphene in fuel cells.        247
  • Table 110. Market and applications for graphene in fuel cells.      248
  • Table 111. Demand for graphene in fuel cells (tons), 2018-2033.  252
  • Table 112. Product developers in graphene fuel cells.      253
  • Table 113. Market overview for graphene in life sciences and medicine.  255
  • Table 114. Market outlook for graphene in drug delivery.              255
  • Table 115. Scorecard for graphene in imaging and diagnostics.    256
  • Table 116. Scorecard for graphene in medical implants.  256
  • Table 117. Scorecard for graphene in medical biosensors.              257
  • Table 118. Scorecard for graphene in woundcare.             258
  • Table 119. Market and applications for graphene in life sciences and medicine.   260
  • Table 120. Demand for graphene in life sciences and medical (tons), 2018-2033.  264
  • Table 121. Product developers in graphene life sciences and biomedicine.             266
  • Table 122. Market overview for graphene in lighting.       270
  • Table 123. Market outlook for graphene in lighting.          270
  • Table 124. Market and applications for graphene in lighting.         271
  • Table 125. Demand for graphene in lighting, 2018-2033.  273
  • Table 126. Product developers in graphene lighting.         274
  • Table 127. Market overview for graphene in lubricants.  276
  • Table 128. Nanomaterial lubricant products.        276
  • Table 129. Market outlook for graphene in lubricants.     277
  • Table 130. Market and applications for graphene in lubricants.    278
  • Table 131. Demand for graphene in lubricants (tons), 2018-2033.                280
  • Table 132. Product developers in graphene lubricants.    281
  • Table 133. Market overview for graphene in oil and gas. 284
  • Table 134. Market outlook for graphene in oil and gas.    284
  • Table 135. Market and applications for graphene in oil and gas.  285
  • Table 136. Demand for graphene in oil and gas (tons), 2018-2033.              287
  • Table 137. Product developers in graphene oil and gas.   288
  • Table 138. Market overview for graphene in paints and coatings.                290
  • Table 139. Market outlook for graphene in paints and coatings.  290
  • Table 140. Market and applications for graphene in paints and coatings. 291
  • Table 141. Demand for graphene in paints and coatings (tons), 2018-2033.             294
  • Table 142. Product developers in graphene paints and coatings. 296
  • Table 143. Market overview for graphene in paints and coatings.                301
  • Table 144. Market outlook for graphene in photonics.     301
  • Table 145. Market and applications for graphene in photonics.    302
  • Table 146. Demand for graphene in photonics, 2018-2033.             305
  • Table 147. Product developers in graphene photonics.    307
  • Table 148. Market overview for graphene in photovoltaics.           308
  • Table 149. Market outlook for graphene in photovoltaics.              309
  • Table 150. Market and applications for graphene in photovoltaics.            309
  • Table 151. Demand for graphene in photovoltaics (tons), 2018-2033.        312
  • Table 152. Product developers in graphene solar.              313
  • Table 153. Market overview for graphene in rubber and tires.      315
  • Table 154. Market outlook for graphene in rubber and tires.         315
  • Table 155. Market and applications for graphene in rubber and tires.       316
  • Table 156. Demand for graphene in rubber and tires (tons), 2018-2033.   319
  • Table 157. Product developers in rubber and tires.            321
  • Table 158. Market overview for graphene in sensors.      324
  • Table 159. Market outlook for graphene in sensors.         325
  • Table 160. Market and applications for graphene in sensors.        325
  • Table 161. Demand for graphene in sensors (tons), 2018-2033.    329
  • Table 162. Product developers in graphene sensors.        331
  • Table 163. Market overview for graphene in smart textiles and apparel.  335
  • Table 164. Market outlook for graphene in smart textiles and apparel.     335
  • Table 165. Market and applications for graphene in smart textiles and apparel.    336
  • Table 166. Demand for graphene in textiles (tons), 2018-2033.     341
  • Table 167. Graphene product developers in smart textiles and apparel.   342
  • Table 168. Market overview for graphene in supercapacitors.      347
  • Table 169. Market outlook for graphene in supercapacitors.         347
  • Table 170: Comparative properties of graphene supercapacitors and lithium-ion batteries.            348
  • Table 171. Market and applications for graphene in supercapacitors.        348
  • Table 172. Demand for graphene in supercapacitors (tons), 2018-2033.    351
  • Table 173. Product developers in graphene supercapacitors.        352
  • Table 174. Graphene audio equipment producers and products. 355
  • Table 175. Graphene sporting goods producers and products.      356
  • Table 176. Graphene producers and types produced.      357
  • Table 177. Graphene producers target market matrix.     361
  • Table 178. Graphene product developers and end users target market matrix.     364
  • Table 179. Performance criteria of energy storage devices.           619
  • Table 180. 2D materials types.   641
  • Table 181. Comparative analysis of graphene and other 2-D nanomaterials.           642
  • Table 182. Comparison of  top-down exfoliation methods to produce 2D materials.            644
  • Table 183. Comparison of the bottom-up synthesis methods to produce 2D materials.      647
  • Table 184. Properties of hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN). 649
  • Table 185. Electronic and mechanical properties of monolayer phosphorene, graphene and MoS2.            662
  • Table 186. Properties and applications of functionalized germanene.       669
  • Table 187. GDY-based anode materials in LIBs and SIBs   671
  • Table 188. Physical and electronic properties of Stanene.              680
  • Table 189. Technology Readiness Level (TRL) Examples.  704

 

List of Figures

  • Figure 1. Demand for graphene, by market, 2021.              38
  • Figure 2. Demand for graphene, 2018-2033, tons.             52
  • Figure 3. Global graphene demand by market, 2018-2033 (tons), conservative estimate. 53
  • Figure 4. Global graphene demand by market, 2018-2033 (tons). Medium estimate.         54
  • Figure 5. Global graphene demand by market, 2018-2033 (tons). High estimate. 55
  • Figure 6. Demand for graphene in China, by market, 2021.             56
  • Figure 7. Demand for graphene in Asia-Pacific, by market, 2021.  57
  • Figure 8. Main graphene producers in Asia-Pacific.            58
  • Figure 9. Demand for graphene in North America, by market, 2021.           60
  • Figure 10. Demand for graphene in Europe, by market, 2021.        62
  • Figure 11. Graphene layer structure schematic.  75
  • Figure 12. Illustrative procedure of the Scotch-tape based micromechanical cleavage of HOPG.    75
  • Figure 13. Graphite and graphene.           76
  • Figure 14. Graphene and its descendants: top right: graphene; top left: graphite = stacked graphene; bottom right: nanotube=rolled graphene; bottom left: fullerene=wrapped graphene.   78
  • Figure 15. Types of CVD methods.            79
  • Figure 16. Schematic of the manufacture of GnPs starting from natural graphite. 81
  • Figure 17. Green-fluorescing graphene quantum dots.    83
  • Figure 18. Schematic of (a) CQDs and (c) GQDs. HRTEM images of (b) C-dots and (d) GQDs showing combination of zigzag and armchair edges (positions marked as 1–4).      83
  • Figure 19. Graphene quantum dots.        86
  • Figure 20. Top-down and bottom-up graphene QD synthesis methods.    87
  • Figure 21. Revenues for graphene quantum dots 2019-2033, millions USD              95
  • Figure 22. Fabrication methods of graphene.       99
  • Figure 23. TEM micrographs of: A) HR-CNFs; B) GANF® HR-CNF, it can be observed its high graphitic structure; C) Unraveled ribbon from the HR-CNF; D) Detail of the ribbon; E) Scheme of the structure of the HR-CNFs; F) Large single graphene oxide sheets derived from GANF.         100
  • Figure 24. (a) Graphene powder production line The Sixth Element Materials Technology Co. Ltd. (b) Graphene film production line of Wuxi Graphene Films Co. Ltd. 101
  • Figure 25. Schematic illustration of the main graphene production methods.        102
  • Figure 26. Published patent publications for graphene, 2004-2021.             112
  • Figure 27. Demand for graphene, 2018-2033, tons.           114
  • Figure 28. CVD Graphene on Cu Foil.        124
  • Figure 29. Applications of graphene in 3D printing.            136
  • Figure 30. Demand for graphene in 3-D printing (tons), 2018-2033.             137
  • Figure 31. CNCTArch lightweight mounting for digital signalling.  138
  • Figure 32. Applications of graphene in adhesives.              144
  • Figure 33. Demand for graphene in adhesives (tons), 2018-2033. 145
  • Figure 34. Graphene Adhesives. 146
  • Figure 35. Applications of graphene in aerospace.             151
  • Figure 36: Demand for graphene in aerospace (tons), 2018-2033.                152
  • Figure 37. Orbex Prime rocket.   153
  • Figure 38: Graphene enhanced aircraft cargo container. 153
  • Figure 39: Graphene aircraft.      154
  • Figure 40. Summary of graphene in automobiles.              156
  • Figure 41. Applications of graphene in automotive.          159
  • Figure 42. Demand for graphene in automotive (tons), 2018-2033.             161
  • Figure 43. Supercar incorporating graphene.       161
  • Figure 44. Graphene anti-corrosion primer.          163
  • Figure 45. Graphene-R Brake pads.          163
  • Figure 46. Antistatic graphene tire.          163
  • Figure 47. Graphene engine oil additives.              164
  • Figure 48. Annual cobalt demand for electric vehicle batteries to 2031.    167
  • Figure 49. Annual lithium demand for electric vehicle batteries to 2031.   168
  • Figure 50. Costs of batteries to 2031.       170
  • Figure 51. Applications of graphene in batteries. 178
  • Figure 52. Demand for graphene in batteries (tons), 2018-2033.  179
  • Figure 53. Apollo Traveler graphene-enhanced USB-C / A fast charging power bank.          181
  • Figure 54. Exide Graphene Lead Acid Battery.      181
  • Figure 55. 6000mAh Portable graphene batteries.             182
  • Figure 56. Real Graphene Powerbank.    184
  • Figure 57. Graphene Functional Films - UniTran EH/FH.   185
  • Figure 58. Applications of graphene in composites.           190
  • Figure 59. Demand for graphene in composites (tons), 2018-2033.             193
  • Figure 60. Graphene bike.            194
  • Figure 61. Graphene lacrosse equipment.             195
  • Figure 62. Graphene-based suitcase made from recycled plastic. 195
  • Figure 63. Aros Create.  196
  • Figure 64. Grays graphene hockey sticks.               198
  • Figure 65. Applications of graphene in conductive inks.   204
  • Figure 66. Demand for graphene in conductive ink (tons), 2018-2033.       205
  • Figure 67. BGT Materials graphene ink product. 206
  • Figure 68. Printed graphene conductive ink.         207
  • Figure 69. Textiles covered in conductive graphene ink.  207
  • Figure 70. Comparison of nanofillers with supplementary cementitious materials and aggregates in concrete.       210
  • Figure 71. Demand for graphene in construction (tons), 2018-2033.           215
  • Figure 72. Graphene asphalt additives.   216
  • Figure 73. OG (Original Graphene) Concrete Admix Plus. 216
  • Figure 74. Demand for graphene in wearable, flexible and stretchable electronics, 2018-2033.       223
  • Figure 75. Moxi flexible film developed for smartphone application.         224
  • Figure 76. Applications of graphene in transistors and integrated circuits.               229
  • Figure 77. Demand for graphene in transistors and integrated circuits, 2018-2033.              230
  • Figure 78. Graphene IC in wafer tester.  231
  • Figure 79. Schematic cross-section of a graphene based transistor (GBT, left) and a graphene field-effect transistor (GFET, right).      231
  • Figure 80. Demand for graphene in memory devices, 2018-2033.                235
  • Figure 81. Layered structure of tantalum oxide, multilayer graphene and platinum used for resistive random-access memory (RRAM).             236
  • Figure 82. Applications of graphene in filtration. 242
  • Figure 83. Demand for graphene in filtration (tons), 2018-2033.   243
  • Figure 84. Graphene anti-smog mask.     244
  • Figure 85. Graphene filtration membrane.            245
  • Figure 86. Graphene water filer cartridge.             245
  • Figure 87. Applications of graphene in fuel cells. 251
  • Figure 88. Demand for graphene in fuel cells (tons), 2018-2033.   252
  • Figure 89. Graphene-based E-skin patch.               254
  • Figure 90. Flexible and transparent bracelet that uses graphene to measure heart rate, respiration rate etc.           259
  • Figure 91. Applications of graphene in life sciences and medicine               264
  • Figure 92. Demand for graphene in life sciences and medical (tons), 2018-2033.   265
  • Figure 93. Graphene medical biosensors for wound healing.         267
  • Figure 94. Graphene Frontiers’ Six™ chemical sensors consists of a field effect transistor (FET) with a graphene channel. Receptor molecules, such as DNA, are attached directly to the graphene channel.            267
  • Figure 95. GraphWear wearable sweat sensor.   268
  • Figure 96. BioStamp nPoint.        269
  • Figure 97. Applications of graphene in lighting.   273
  • Figure 98. Demand for graphene in lighting, 2018-2033.   274
  • Figure 99. Graphene LED bulbs. 275
  • Figure 100. Applications of graphene in lubricants.            280
  • Figure 101. Demand for graphene in lubricants (tons), 2018-2033.              281
  • Figure 102. Tricolit spray coating.              282
  • Figure 103. Graphenoil products.              282
  • Figure 104. Applications of graphene in oil and gas.          287
  • Figure 105. Demand for graphene in oil and gas (tons), 2018-2033.             288
  • Figure 106. Directa Plus Grafysorber.      289
  • Figure 107. Applications of graphene in paints and coatings.         294
  • Figure 108. Demand for graphene in paints and coatings (tons), 2018-2033.           295
  • Figure 109. Cryorig CPU cooling system with graphene coating.   296
  • Figure 110. Four layers of graphene oxide coatings on polycarbonate.      297
  • Figure 111. 23303 ZINCTON GNC graphene paint.              298
  • Figure 112. Graphene-enhanced anti-corrosion aerosols under their Hycote brand.            298
  • Figure 113. Scania Truck head lamp brackets ACT chamber 6 weeks, equivalent to 3y field use. Piece treated with GO to the left together with different non-GO coatings.         299
  • Figure 114. Schematic of graphene heat film.       300
  • Figure 115. Applications of graphene in photonics.            305
  • Figure 116. Demand for graphene in photonics, 2018-2033.           306
  • Figure 117. All-graphene optical communication link demonstrator operating at a data rate of 25 Gb/s per channel.                307
  • Figure 118. Applications of graphene in photovoltaics.    312
  • Figure 119. Demand for graphene in photovoltaics (tons), 2018-2033.       313
  • Figure 120. Graphene coated glass.          314
  • Figure 121. Applications of graphene in rubber and tires.               319
  • Figure 122. Demand for graphene in rubber and tires (tons), 2018-2033.  320
  • Figure 123. Eagle F1 graphene tire.          321
  • Figure 124. Graphene floor mats.              322
  • Figure 125. Vittoria Corsa G+ tire.             322
  • Figure 126. Graphene-based sensors for health monitoring.          324
  • Figure 127. Applications of graphene in sensors. 329
  • Figure 128. Demand for graphene in sensors (tons), 2018-2033.   330
  • Figure 129. AGILE R100 system. 331
  • Figure 130. Graphene fully packaged linear array detector.           332
  • Figure 131. GFET sensors.            332
  • Figure 132. Graphene is used to increase sensitivity to middle-infrared light.         334
  • Figure 133. Applications of graphene in smart textiles and apparel.           340
  • Figure 134. Demand for graphene in textiles (tons), 2018-2033.   341
  • Figure 135. 878 Project One jacket display.           342
  • Figure 136. Colmar graphene ski jacket. 343
  • Figure 137. Graphene dress. The dress changes colour in sync with the wearer’s breathing.           343
  • Figure 138. G+ Graphene Aero Jersey.    344
  • Figure 139. Inov-8 graphene shoes.         344
  • Figure 140. Graphene Functional Membranes - UniTran GM.        345
  • Figure 141. Graphene jacket.      346
  • Figure 142. Applications of graphene in supercapacitors. 351
  • Figure 143. Demand for graphene in supercapacitors (tons), 2018-2033.  352
  • Figure 144. KEPCO’s graphene supercapacitors. 353
  • Figure 145. Skeleton Technologies supercapacitor.           354
  • Figure 146. Zapgo supercapacitor phone charger.              354
  • Figure 147. Callaway Chrome Soft golf and Chrome Soft X golf balls.          356
  • Figure 148. Graphene heating films.        368
  • Figure 149. Graphene flake products.     374
  • Figure 150. AIKA Black-T.              378
  • Figure 151. Printed graphene biosensors.             387
  • Figure 152. Brain Scientific electrode schematic. 408
  • Figure 153. Graphene battery schematic.              433
  • Figure 154. Dotz Nano GQD products.     435
  • Figure 155. Graphene-based membrane dehumidification test cell.           441
  • Figure 156. Proprietary atmospheric CVD production.      452
  • Figure 157. Wearable sweat sensor.        485
  • Figure 158.  InP/ZnS, perovskite quantum dots and silicon resin composite under UV illumination.               492
  • Figure 159. Sensor surface.          507
  • Figure 160. BioStamp nPoint.      524
  • Figure 161. Nanotech Energy battery.     543
  • Figure 162. Hybrid battery powered electrical motorbike concept.             545
  • Figure 163. NAWAStitch integrated into carbon fiber composite. 546
  • Figure 164. Schematic illustration of three-chamber system for SWCNH production.          547
  • Figure 165. TEM images of carbon nanobrush.    548
  • Figure 166. Test performance after 6 weeks ACT II according to Scania STD4445.  563
  • Figure 167. Quantag GQDs and sensor.  565
  • Figure 168. The Sixth Element graphene products.            579
  • Figure 169. Thermal conductive graphene film.   580
  • Figure 170. Talcoat graphene mixed with paint.  592
  • Figure 171. T-FORCE CARDEA ZERO.         595
  • Figure 172. Structures of nanomaterials based on dimensions.    639
  • Figure 173. Schematic of 2-D materials.  641
  • Figure 174. Diagram of the mechanical exfoliation method.          645
  • Figure 175. Diagram of liquid exfoliation method               646
  • Figure 176. Structure of hexagonal boron nitride.              648
  • Figure 177. BN nanosheet textiles application.    651
  • Figure 178. Structure diagram of Ti3C2Tx.              652
  • Figure 179.  Types and applications of 2D TMDCs.              655
  • Figure 180. Left: Molybdenum disulphide (MoS2). Right: Tungsten ditelluride (WTe2)       656
  • Figure 181. SEM image of MoS2.               656
  • Figure 182. Atomic force microscopy image of a representative MoS2 thin-film transistor.              658
  • Figure 183. Schematic of the molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) thin-film sensor with the deposited molecules that create additional charge.            659
  • Figure 184. Borophene schematic.           660
  • Figure 185. Black phosphorus structure. 662
  • Figure 186. Black Phosphorus crystal.      662
  • Figure 187. Bottom gated flexible few-layer phosphorene transistors with the hydrophobic dielectric encapsulation.                663
  • Figure 188: Graphitic carbon nitride.        666
  • Figure 189. Structural difference between graphene and C2N-h2D crystal: (a) graphene; (b) C2N-h2D crystal. Credit: Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology.         667
  • Figure 190. Schematic of germanene.     668
  • Figure 191. Graphdiyne structure.            671
  • Figure 192. Schematic of Graphane crystal.           673
  • Figure 193. Schematic of a monolayer of rhenium disulfide.          675
  • Figure 194. Silicene structure.    676
  • Figure 195. Monolayer silicene on a silver (111) substrate.            677
  • Figure 196. Silicene transistor.    677
  • Figure 197. Crystal structure for stanene.              679
  • Figure 198. Atomic structure model for the 2D stanene on Bi2Te3(111).   680
  • Figure 199. Schematic of Indium Selenide (InSe).               682
  • Figure 200. Application of Li-Al LDH as CO2 sensor.           684
  • Figure 201. Graphene-based membrane dehumidification test cell.           693

 

The Global Market for Graphene and 2D Materials 2023-2033
The Global Market for Graphene and 2D Materials 2023-2033
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The Global Market for Graphene and 2D Materials 2023-2033
The Global Market for Graphene and 2D Materials 2023-2033
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