The Graphene Report 2020

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Markets, Producers, Applications and Products

The market for graphene has grown hugely in the past decade, with numerous products now on the market and more to come as graphene producers record steadily increasing revenues and OEMs witnessing significant returns in clothing, sportswear, footwear, tires, batteries etc. Graphene is available in multi-ton quantities from many producers and has been identified by many industry sectors as a key materials that will drive future product development in flexible electronics, smart textiles, biosensors, drug delivery, water filtration, supercapacitors and more.

Future Markets, Inc., publisher of the first ever market report on Graphene in 2009 and publisher of Graphene Magazine (www.2dmaterialsmag.com) presents The Graphene Report 2020, the most comprehensive and up-to date report on graphene currently available, by the world’s leading market authority on graphene. Profiling over 200 companies, the report provides key information for investors and executives to enable them to understand and take advantage of the  opportunities provided by graphene (other 2D materials are also covered).

Purchasers of the Graphene Report 2020 will receive updates for 12 months (access to online file repository) and also a free 12 issue subscription to Graphene Magazine, including access to back issues. A must-have for anyone interested in the business and investment opportunities in graphene, The Graphene Report 2020 contains:

  • Unique market assessment tools to assess the viability of graphene, by market, and application.
  • Tabular data on current graphene products.
  • Market assessment of other 2D materials.
  • Assessment of graphene by market including applications, key benefits, market megatrends, market drivers for graphene, technology drawbacks, competing materials, potential consumption of graphene to 2030 and main players.
  • Graphical depictions of graphene applications by market.
  • In depth-assessment of graphene producer and distributor pricing in 2020.
  • Global market for graphene in tons, by sector, historical and forecast to 2020.
  • In-depth profiles of graphene producers including products, production capacities, manufacturing methods, collaborations, licensing, customers and target markets. Companies profiled include Directa Plus, Global Graphene Group, ZEN Graphene Solutions, HP1 Technologies Ltd, GrapheneCA, Saint Jean Carbon, SafeLi LLC, Versarien, Talga Resources, Archer Materials, Haydale Graphene, Paragraf, Graphenea and many more.
  • Detailed forecasts for key growth areas, opportunities and demand.
Published January 2020 | 560 pages | 198 tables, 146 figures | Table of contents
The Graphene Report 2020
The Graphene Report 2020
PDF download.
The Graphene Report 2020
The Graphene Report 2020
Print edition. Two volumes. (1) Markets and (2) Companies. Price includes tracked delivery.
The Graphene Report 2020
The Graphene Report 2020
PDF and print edition.
The Graphene Report 2020
The Graphene Report 2020
Company-wide licence plus 1 print edition.

To purchase by bank transfer (invoice) please contact info@futuremarketsinc.com

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1       EXECUTIVE SUMMARY……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 29

  • 1.1    Why graphene?…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 30
  • 1.2    The market in 2019……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 35
  • 1.3    Future global market outlook………………………………………………………………………………………………. 36
  • 1.4    Market opportunities in graphene………………………………………………………………………………………… 40
  • 1.5    Global graphene production 2010-2020……………………………………………………………………………….. 44
  • 1.6    Estimated demand to 2030…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 46
  • 1.7    Graphene market by region………………………………………………………………………………………………… 48
    • 1.7.1      Asia-Pacific………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 48
    • 1.7.2      North America…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 52
    • 1.7.3      Europe…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 54
    • 1.7.4      Rest of the world……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 54
  • 1.8    Graphene products……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 55
  • 1.9    Graphene investments……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 58
  • 1.10       Global government funding and support………………………………………………………………………….. 61
  • 1.11       Graphene producers and production……………………………………………………………………………….. 62
  • 1.12       Industrial collaborations and licence agreements……………………………………………………………… 63
  • 1.13       Graphene market challenges………………………………………………………………………………………….. 67

2       OVERVIEW OF GRAPHENE…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 71

  • 2.1    History……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 71
  • 2.2    Types of graphene…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 72
  • 2.3    Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 73
  • 2.4    3D Graphene……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 74
  • 2.5    Graphene Quantum Dots…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 74

3       GRAPHENE PRODUCTION…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 79

  • 3.1    Large area graphene films………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 79
  • 3.2    Graphene oxide flakes and graphene nanoplatelets……………………………………………………………… 80
  • 3.3    Production methods…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 81
    • 3.3.1      Graphene nanoplatelets (GNPs)…………………………………………………………………………………. 83
    • 3.3.2      Graphene oxide (GO)………………………………………………………………………………………………… 84
    • 3.3.3      Large-area graphene films…………………………………………………………………………………………. 84
  • 3.4    Quality……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 86
  • 3.5    Assessment of graphene production methods………………………………………………………………………. 87

4       GRAPHENE PATENTS AND PUBLICATIONS………………………………………………………………………… 96

5       GRAPHENE PRODUCTION…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 100

  • 5.1    Commercial production capacities…………………………………………………………………………………….. 103
  • 5.2    Graphene oxide production capacities……………………………………………………………………………….. 103
    • 5.2.1      By producer……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 103
    • 5.2.2      By region………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 104
  • 5.3    Graphene nanoplatelets production capacities……………………………………………………………………. 105
    • 5.3.1      By producer……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 105
    • 5.3.2      Production capacity by region…………………………………………………………………………………… 106
  • 5.4    CVD graphene film………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 107
    • 5.4.1      By producer……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 108
  • 5.5    Planned graphene capacities……………………………………………………………………………………………. 108
  • 5.6    Mass production challenges……………………………………………………………………………………………… 109

6       GRAPHENE PRICING…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 111

  • 6.1    Pristine Graphene Flakes pricing………………………………………………………………………………………. 112
  • 6.2    Few-Layer Graphene pricing…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 113
  • 6.3    Graphene Nanoplatelets pricing………………………………………………………………………………………… 114
  • 6.4    Reduced Graphene Oxide pricing……………………………………………………………………………………… 114
  • 6.5    Graphene Quantum Dots pricing……………………………………………………………………………………….. 115
  • 6.6    Graphene Oxide Nanosheets pricing…………………………………………………………………………………. 116
  • 6.7    Multilayer Graphene (MLG) pricing……………………………………………………………………………………. 116

7       GRAPHENE IN BATTERIES………………………………………………………………………………………………… 118

  • 7.1    Market overview………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 120
  • 7.2    Market prospects…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 120
  • 7.3    Market assessment………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 121
  • 7.4    Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030………………………………………………………….. 125
  • 7.5    Product developers………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 128

8       GRAPHENE IN 3D PRINTING……………………………………………………………………………………………… 130

  • 8.1    Market overview………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 130
  • 8.2    Market prospects…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 131
  • 8.3    Market assessment………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 131
  • 8.4    Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030………………………………………………………….. 134
  • 8.5    Product developers………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 135

9       GRAPHENE IN ADHESIVES……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 136

  • 9.1    Market overview………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 136
  • 9.2    Market prospects…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 136
  • 9.3    Market assessment………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 137
  • 9.4    Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030………………………………………………………….. 139
  • 9.5    Product developers………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 141

10     GRAPHENE IN AVIATION AND AEROSPACE……………………………………………………………………… 142

  • 10.1       Market overview………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 142
  • 10.2       Market prospects…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 142
  • 10.3       Market assessment……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 143
  • 10.4       Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030……………………………………………………… 147
  • 10.5       Product developers……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 150

11     GRAPHENE IN AUTOMOTIVE…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 152

  • 11.1       Market overview………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 152
  • 11.2       Market prospects…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 152
  • 11.3       Market assessment……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 153
  • 11.4       Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030……………………………………………………… 157
  • 11.5       Product developers……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 162

12     GRAPHENE IN PAINTS AND COATINGS…………………………………………………………………………….. 163

  • 12.1       Market overview………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 163
  • 12.2       Market prospects…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 163
  • 12.3       Market assessment……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 163
  • 12.4       Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030……………………………………………………… 172
  • 12.5       Product developers……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 176

13     GRAPHENE IN COMPOSITES…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 179

  • 13.1       Market overview………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 179
  • 13.2       Fiber-based polymer composite parts……………………………………………………………………………. 183
    • 13.2.1    Market prospects…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 183
    • 13.2.2    Market assessment…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 184
    • 13.2.3    Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030………………………………………………….. 186
      • 13.2.3.1      Thermosets……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 186
      • 13.2.3.2      Thermoplastics……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 186
  • 13.3       Metal-matrix composites………………………………………………………………………………………………. 187
    • 13.3.1    Market assessment…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 187
    • 13.3.2    Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030………………………………………………….. 189
  • 13.4       Product developers……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 190

14     GRAPHENE IN ELECTRONICS…………………………………………………………………………………………… 192

  • 14.1       Market overview………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 192
  • 14.2       Market prospects…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 193
  • 14.3       Market assessment……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 196
  • 14.4       Global market, historical and forecast to 2030………………………………………………………………… 203
  • 14.5       Product developers……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 205

15     GRAPHENE IN CONDUCTIVE INKS…………………………………………………………………………………….. 207

  • 15.1       Market overview………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 207
  • 15.2       Market prospects…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 207
  • 15.3       Market assessment……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 213
  • 15.4       Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030……………………………………………………… 214
  • 15.5       Product developers……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 217

16     GRAPHENE TRANSISTORS AND INTEGRATED CIRCUITS…………………………………………………. 218

  • 16.1       Market overview………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 218
  • 16.2       Market prospects…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 218
  • 16.3       Market assessment……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 219
  • 16.4       Global market, historical and forecast to 2030………………………………………………………………… 223
  • 16.5       Product developers……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 226

17     GRAPHENE MEMORY DEVICES…………………………………………………………………………………………. 228

  • 17.1       Market overview………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 228
  • 17.2       Market prospects…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 229
  • 17.3       Market assessment……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 229
  • 17.4       Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030……………………………………………………… 232
  • 17.5       Product developers……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 234

18     GRAPHENE IN SUPERCAPACITORS………………………………………………………………………………….. 235

  • 18.1       Market overview………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 235
  • 18.2       Market prospects…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 236
  • 18.3       Market assessment……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 236
  • 18.4       Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030……………………………………………………… 241
  • 18.5       Product developers……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 243

19     GRAPHENE IN PHOTOVOLTAICS………………………………………………………………………………………. 244

  • 19.1       Market overview………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 245
  • 19.2       Market prospects…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 246
  • 19.3       Market assessment……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 246
  • 19.4       Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030……………………………………………………… 249
  • 19.5       Product developers……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 251

20     GRAPHENE IN FUEL CELLS………………………………………………………………………………………………. 252

  • 20.1       Market overview………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 253
  • 20.2       Market prospects…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 254
  • 20.3       Market assessment……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 254
  • 20.4       Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030……………………………………………………… 257
  • 20.5       Product developers……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 258

21     GRAPHENE IN LIGHTING…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 259

  • 21.1       Market overview………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 259
  • 21.2       Market prospects…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 260
  • 21.3       Market assessment……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 260
  • 21.4       Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030……………………………………………………… 262
  • 21.5       Product developers……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 264

22     GRAPHENE IN OIL AND GAS……………………………………………………………………………………………… 265

  • 22.1       Market overview………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 266
  • 22.2       Market prospects…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 266
  • 22.3       Market assessment……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 267
  • 22.4       Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030……………………………………………………… 273
  • 22.5       Product developers……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 275

23     GRAPHENE IN FILTRATION……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 276

  • 23.1       Market overview………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 279
  • 23.2       Market prospects…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 279
  • 23.3       Market assessment……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 280
  • 23.4       Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030……………………………………………………… 283
  • 23.5       Product developers……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 285

24     GRAPHENE IN LIFE SCIENCES AND MEDICINE…………………………………………………………………. 288

  • 24.1       Market overview………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 291
  • 24.2       Market prospects…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 291
  • 24.3       Market assessment……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 292
  • 24.4       Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030……………………………………………………… 304
  • 24.5       Product developers……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 310

25     GRAPHENE IN LUBRICANTS……………………………………………………………………………………………… 311

  • 25.1       Market overview………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 311
  • 25.2       Market prospects…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 311
  • 25.3       Market assessment……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 312
  • 25.4       Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030……………………………………………………… 315
  • 25.5       Product developers……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 317

26     GRAPHENE IN RUBBER AND TIRES………………………………………………………………………………….. 318

  • 26.1       Market overview………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 318
  • 26.2       Market prospects…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 318
  • 26.3       Market assessment……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 319
  • 26.4       Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030……………………………………………………… 321
  • 26.5       Product developers……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 322

27     GRAPHENE IN SENSORS…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 324

  • 27.1       Market overview………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 324
  • 27.2       Market prospects…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 324
  • 27.3       Market assessment……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 325
  • 27.4       Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030……………………………………………………… 332
  • 27.5       Product developers……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 333

28     GRAPHENE IN SMART TEXTILES AND APPAREL……………………………………………………………… 334

  • 28.1       Market overview………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 338
  • 28.2       Market prospects…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 339
  • 28.3       Market assessment……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 339
  • 28.4       Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030……………………………………………………… 345
  • 28.5       Product developers……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 347

29     GRAPHENE IN CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS…………………………………………………………………….. 349

  • 29.1       Market overview………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 349
  • 29.2       Market prospects…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 349
  • 29.3       Market assessment……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 350
    • 29.3.1    Cement………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 350
    • 29.3.2    Asphalt bitumen………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 351
    • 29.3.3    Ultra-high-performance concrete………………………………………………………………………………. 351
  • 29.4       Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030……………………………………………………… 352
  • 29.5       Product developers……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 353

30     GRAPHENE IN PHOTONICS……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 355

  • 30.1       Market overview………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 355
  • 30.2       Market prospects…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 356
  • 30.3       Market assessment……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 356
  • 30.4       Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030……………………………………………………… 362
  • 30.5       Product developers……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 363

31     GRAPHENE COMPANY PROFILES…………………………………………………………………………………….. 365 (200 COMPANY PROFILES)

32     KEY GRAPHENE PLAYERS COMPETITIVE ANALYSIS……………………………………………………….. 493

33     EX-PRODUCERS………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 495

34     OTHER 2-D MATERIALS…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 495

  • 34.1       BOROPHENE…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 498
    • 34.1.1    Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 498
    • 34.1.2    Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 499
  • 34.2       PHOSPHORENE………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 499
    • 34.2.1    Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 500
    • 34.2.2    Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 502
    • 34.2.3    Market opportunity assessment………………………………………………………………………………… 505
  • 34.3       GRAPHITIC CARBON NITRIDE (g-C3N4)…………………………………………………………………….. 505
    • 34.3.1    Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 505
    • 34.3.2    Synthesis……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 506
    • 34.3.3    C2N………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 506
    • 34.3.4    Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 506
    • 34.3.5    Market opportunity assessment………………………………………………………………………………… 507
  • 34.4       GERMANENE…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 508
    • 34.4.1    Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 508
    • 34.4.2    Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 508
    • 34.4.3    Market opportunity assessment………………………………………………………………………………… 509
  • 34.5       GRAPHDIYNE……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 509
    • 34.5.1    Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 510
    • 34.5.2    Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 510
    • 34.5.3    Market opportunity assessment………………………………………………………………………………… 512
  • 34.6       GRAPHANE……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 512
    • 34.6.1    Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 513
    • 34.6.2    Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 513
    • 34.6.3    Market opportunity assessment………………………………………………………………………………… 513
  • 34.7       HEXAGONAL BORON-NITRIDE………………………………………………………………………………….. 514
    • 34.7.1    Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 514
    • 34.7.2    Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 515
    • 34.7.3    Market opportunity assessment………………………………………………………………………………… 516
  • 34.8       MOLYBDENUM DISULFIDE (MoS2)……………………………………………………………………………… 517
    • 34.8.1    Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 517
    • 34.8.2    Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 51
    • 34.8.3    Market opportunity assessment………………………………………………………………………………… 520
  • 34.9       RHENIUM DISULFIDE (ReS2) AND DISELENIDE (ReSe2)……………………………………………. 521
    • 34.9.1    Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 521
    • 34.9.2    Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 5222
    • 34.9.3    Market opportunity assessment………………………………………………………………………………… 522
  • 34.10     SILICENE…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 522
    • 34.10.1       Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 523
    • 34.10.2       Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 523
    • 34.10.3       Market opportunity assessment…………………………………………………………………………….. 525
  • 34.11     STANENE/TINENE……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 525
    • 34.11.1       Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 526
    • 34.11.2       Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 526
    • 34.11.3       Market opportunity assessment…………………………………………………………………………….. 527
  • 34.12     TUNGSTEN DISELENIDE……………………………………………………………………………………………. 527
    • 34.12.1       Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 527
    • 34.12.2       Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 528
    • 34.12.3       Market opportunity assessment…………………………………………………………………………….. 528
  • 34.13     ANTIMONENE……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 528
    • 34.13.1       Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 529
    • 34.13.2       Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 529
  • 34.14     DIAMENE…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 529
    • 34.14.1       Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 529
    • 34.14.2       Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 529
  • 34.15     INDIUM SELENIDE…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 529
    • 34.15.1       Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 529
    • 34.15.2       Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 530
  • 34.16     COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF GRAPHENE AND OTHER 2D MATERIALS……………………. 530

35     RESEARCH METHODOLOGY…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 532

36     REFERENCES……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 538

 

Tables

  • Table 1: Market opportunity assessment for main graphene applications…………………………………………….. 40
  • Table 2. Graphene target markets-Applications and potential addressable market size…………………………. 44
  • Table 3. Demand for graphene (tons), 2010-2030……………………………………………………………………………… 46
  • Table 4: Consumer products incorporating graphene, by market………………………………………………………… 55
  • Table 5: Graphene investments and financial agreements…………………………………………………………………. 59
  • Table 6. Main graphene producers by country and annual production capacities 2020………………………….. 62
  • Table 7: Graphene industrial collaborations, licence agreements and target markets……………………………. 63
  • Table 8. Graphene market challenges……………………………………………………………………………………………… 68
  • Table 9: Properties of graphene………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 73
  • Table 10: Comparison of graphene QDs and semiconductor QDs………………………………………………………. 75
  • Table 11: Graphene quantum dot producers…………………………………………………………………………………….. 78
  • Table 12: Large area graphene films-Markets, applications and current global market………………………….. 79
  • Table 13: Graphene oxide flakes/graphene nanoplatelets-Markets, applications and current global market. 80
  • Table 14: Main production methods for graphene……………………………………………………………………………… 81
  • Table 15. Assessment of graphene production methods……………………………………………………………………. 88
  • Table 16: Published patent publications for graphene, 2004-2019………………………………………………………. 97
  • Table 17: Leading graphene patentees…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 97
  • Table 18: Demand for graphene (tons), 2010-2030………………………………………………………………………….. 100
  • Table 19: Graphene oxide production capacity by producer, 2010-2018…………………………………………….. 103
  • Table 20: Graphene oxide production capacity in tons by region, 2010-2018……………………………………… 104
  • Table 21: Graphene nanoplatelets capacity in tons by producer, 2010-2018………………………………………. 105
  • Table 22: Graphene nanoplatelets capacity in tons by region, 2010-2018………………………………………….. 106
  • Table 23: CVD graphene film capacity in tons by producer, 2010-2018/ 000s m2………………………………… 108
  • Table 24: Planned graphene production capacities………………………………………………………………………….. 108
  • Table 25: Types of graphene and typical prices………………………………………………………………………………. 111
  • Table 26: Pristine graphene flakes pricing by producer…………………………………………………………………….. 113
  • Table 27: Few-layer graphene pricing by producer………………………………………………………………………….. 113
  • Table 28: Graphene nanoplatelets pricing by producer…………………………………………………………………….. 114
  • Table 29: Reduced graphene oxide pricing, by producer………………………………………………………………….. 115
  • Table 30: Graphene quantum dots pricing by producer…………………………………………………………………….. 116
  • Table 31: Graphene oxide nanosheets pricing by producer………………………………………………………………. 116
  • Table 32: Multi-layer graphene pricing by producer………………………………………………………………………….. 116
  • Table 33. Market overview for graphene in batteries………………………………………………………………………… 120
  • Table 34. Scorecard for graphene in batteries…………………………………………………………………………………. 120
  • Table 35. Market and applications for graphene in batteries……………………………………………………………… 121
  • Table 36: Demand for graphene in batteries (tons), 2018-2030…………………………………………………………. 126
  • Table 37: Product developers in graphene batteries………………………………………………………………………… 128
  • Table 38. Market overview for graphene in 3D printing…………………………………………………………………….. 131
  • Table 39. Scorecard for graphene in 3D printing……………………………………………………………………………… 131
  • Table 40. Market and applications for graphene in 3D printing………………………………………………………….. 132
  • Table 41: Graphene properties relevant to application in 3D printing…………………………………………………. 133
  • Table 42: Demand for graphene in 3-D printing (tons), 2018-2030…………………………………………………….. 134
  • Table 43: Product developers in graphene 3D printing……………………………………………………………………… 135
  • Table 44. Market overview for graphene in adhesives……………………………………………………………………… 136
  • Table 45. Scorecard for graphene in adhesives………………………………………………………………………………. 136
  • Table 46. Market and applications for graphene in adhesives…………………………………………………………… 137
  • Table 47: Graphene properties relevant to application in adhesives…………………………………………………… 137
  • Table 48: Demand for graphene in adhesives (tons), 2018-2030………………………………………………………. 140
  • Table 49: Product developers in graphene adhesives………………………………………………………………………. 141
  • Table 50. Market overview for graphene in aviation and aerospace…………………………………………………… 142
  • Table 51. Scorecard for graphene in aviation and aerospace……………………………………………………………. 143
  • Table 52. Market and applications for graphene in aviation and aerospace………………………………………… 143
  • Table 53: Demand for graphene in aviation and aerospace (tons), 2018-2030……………………………………. 150
  • Table 54: Product developers in aviation and aerospace………………………………………………………………….. 150
  • Table 55. Market overview for graphene in automotive…………………………………………………………………….. 152
  • Table 56. Scorecard for graphene in automotive……………………………………………………………………………… 152
  • Table 57. Market and applications for graphene in automotive………………………………………………………….. 153
  • Table 58: Demand for graphene in automotive (tons), 2018-2030……………………………………………………… 160
  • Table 59: Product developers in the graphene automotive market…………………………………………………….. 162
  • Table 60. Market overview for graphene in paints and coatings………………………………………………………… 163
  • Table 61. Scorecard for graphene in paints and coatings…………………………………………………………………. 163
  • Table 62. Market and applications for graphene in paints and coatings……………………………………………… 164
  • Table 63: Demand for graphene in paints and coatings (tons), 2018-2030…………………………………………. 175
  • Table 64: Product developers in graphene paints and coatings…………………………………………………………. 176
  • Table 65. Market overview for graphene in composites……………………………………………………………………. 179
  • Table 66. Scorecard for graphene in composites…………………………………………………………………………….. 180
  • Table 67: Graphene properties relevant to application in polymer composites……………………………………. 180
  • Table 68: Applications and benefits of graphene in composites………………………………………………………… 181
  • Table 69. Scorecard for graphene in fiber-based polymer composite parts…………………………………………. 183
  • Table 70. Market and applications for graphene in fiber-based composite parts………………………………….. 184
  • Table 71. Market and applications for graphene in metal matrix composites………………………………………. 187
  • Table 72. Global market for graphene in metal-matrix composites based on penetration forecasts 2018-2030, tons………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 189
  • Table 73: Product developers in graphene composites…………………………………………………………………….. 190
  • Table 74. Market overview for graphene in electronics…………………………………………………………………….. 192
  • Table 75. Scorecard for graphene in electronics……………………………………………………………………………… 193
  • Table 76: Comparison of ITO replacements……………………………………………………………………………………. 195
  • Table 77. Market and applications for graphene in 3D printing………………………………………………………….. 196
  • Table 78: Graphene properties relevant to application in sensors……………………………………………………… 202
  • Table 79: Demand for graphene in flexible electronics, 2018-2030……………………………………………………. 203
  • Table 80: Product developers in graphene-based electronics……………………………………………………………. 205
  • Table 81. Market overview for graphene in conductive inks………………………………………………………………. 207
  • Table 82. Scorecard for graphene in conductive inks……………………………………………………………………….. 207
  • Table 83: Comparative properties of conductive inks……………………………………………………………………….. 208
  • Table 84: Printable electronics products…………………………………………………………………………………………. 209
  • Table 85. Market and applications for graphene in conductive inks……………………………………………………. 213
  • Table 86: Demand for graphene in conductive ink (tons), 2018-2027…………………………………………………. 215
  • Table 87: Product developers in graphene conductive inks………………………………………………………………. 217
  • Table 88. Market overview for graphene in transistors and integrated circuits…………………………………….. 218
  • Table 89. Scorecard for graphene in transistors and integrated circuits……………………………………………… 218
  • Table 90. Market and applications for graphene in transistors and integrated circuits………………………….. 219
  • Table 91: Comparative properties of silicon and graphene transistors……………………………………………….. 222
  • Table 92: Demand for graphene in transistors and integrated circuits, 2018-2030………………………………. 225
  • Table 93: Product developers in graphene transistors and integrated circuits……………………………………… 226
  • Table 94. Market overview for graphene in memory devices…………………………………………………………….. 228
  • Table 95. Scorecard for graphene in memory devices……………………………………………………………………… 229
  • Table 96. Market and applications for graphene in memory devices………………………………………………….. 229
  • Table 97: Demand for graphene in memory devices, 2018-2030………………………………………………………. 233
  • Table 98: Product developers in graphene memory devices……………………………………………………………… 234
  • Table 99. Market overview for graphene in supercapacitors……………………………………………………………… 235
  • Table 100. Scorecard for graphene in supercapacitors…………………………………………………………………….. 236
  • Table 101. Market and applications for graphene in supercapacitors…………………………………………………. 236
  • Table 102: Comparative properties of graphene supercapacitors and lithium-ion batteries…………………… 238
  • Table 103: Demand for graphene in supercapacitors (tons), 2018-2030…………………………………………….. 242
  • Table 104: Product developers in graphene supercapacitors……………………………………………………………. 243
  • Table 105. Market overview for graphene in photovoltaics……………………………………………………………….. 245
  • Table 106. Scorecard for graphene in photovoltaics………………………………………………………………………… 246
  • Table 107. Market and applications for graphene in photovoltaics…………………………………………………….. 246
  • Table 108: Demand for graphene in photovoltaics (tons), 2018-2030………………………………………………… 250
  • Table 109: Product developers in graphene solar……………………………………………………………………………. 251
  • Table 110. Market overview for graphene in fuel cells………………………………………………………………………. 254
  • Table 111. Scorecard for graphene in fuel cells………………………………………………………………………………. 254
  • Table 112. Market and applications for graphene in fuel cells……………………………………………………………. 254
  • Table 113: Demand for graphene in fuel cells (tons), 2018-2030………………………………………………………. 257
  • Table 114: Product developers in graphene fuel cells………………………………………………………………………. 258
  • Table 115. Market overview for graphene in lighting………………………………………………………………………… 259
  • Table 116. Scorecard for graphene in lighting…………………………………………………………………………………. 260
  • Table 117. Market and applications for graphene in lighting……………………………………………………………… 260
  • Table 118: Demand for graphene in lighting, 2018-2030………………………………………………………………….. 263
  • Table 119: Product developers in graphene lighting…………………………………………………………………………. 264
  • Table 120. Market overview for graphene in oil and gas…………………………………………………………………… 266
  • Table 121. Scorecard for graphene in oil and gas……………………………………………………………………………. 266
  • Table 122. Market and applications for graphene in oil and gas………………………………………………………… 267
  • Table 123: Demand for graphene in oil and gas (tons), 2018-2030……………………………………………………. 274
  • Table 124: Product developers in graphene oil and gas…………………………………………………………………… 275
  • Table 125. Market overview for graphene in filtration……………………………………………………………………….. 279
  • Table 126. Scorecard for graphene in filtration………………………………………………………………………………… 280
  • Table 127. Market and applications for graphene in filtration…………………………………………………………….. 280
  • Table 128: Demand for graphene in filtration (tons), 2018-2030………………………………………………………… 285
  • Table 129: Graphene companies in filtration…………………………………………………………………………………… 285
  • Table 130. Market overview for graphene in life sciences and medicine…………………………………………….. 291
  • Table 131. Scorecard for graphene in 3D printing……………………………………………………………………………. 291
  • Table 132. Market and applications for graphene in life sciences and medicine………………………………….. 292
  • Table 133: Applications and benefits of graphene in life sciences and medical…………………………………… 293
  • Table 134: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in biomedical & healthcare markets……………… 307
  • Table 135: Potential addressable market for graphene in biomedical & healthcare markets…………………. 308
  • Table 136: Demand for graphene in life sciences and medical (tons), 2018-2030……………………………….. 309
  • Table 137: Product developers in graphene life sciences and biomedicine…………………………………………. 310
  • Table 138. Market overview for graphene in lubricants…………………………………………………………………….. 311
  • Table 139. Scorecard for graphene in lubricants……………………………………………………………………………… 312
  • Table 140. Market and applications for graphene in lubricants………………………………………………………….. 312
  • Table 141. Nanomaterial lubricant products……………………………………………………………………………………. 314
  • Table 142: Market size for graphene in lubricants……………………………………………………………………………. 315
  • Table 143: Potential addressable market for graphene in the lubricants market………………………………….. 316
  • Table 144: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in lubricants……………………………………………….. 316
  • Table 145: Demand for graphene in lubricants (tons), 2018-2030……………………………………………………… 316
  • Table 146: Product developers in graphene lubricants……………………………………………………………………… 317
  • Table 147. Market overview for graphene in rubber and tires……………………………………………………………. 318
  • Table 148. Scorecard for graphene in rubber and tires…………………………………………………………………….. 319
  • Table 149. Market and applications for graphene in rubber and tires…………………………………………………. 319
  • Table 150: Demand for graphene in rubber and tires (tons), 2018-2030…………………………………………….. 321
  • Table 151: Product developers in rubber and tires…………………………………………………………………………… 322
  • Table 152. Market overview for graphene in sensors……………………………………………………………………….. 324
  • Table 153. Scorecard for graphene in sensors………………………………………………………………………………… 324
  • Table 154. Market and applications for graphene in sensors…………………………………………………………….. 325
  • Table 155: Demand for graphene in sensors (tons), 2018-2030………………………………………………………… 332
  • Table 156: Product developers in graphene sensors……………………………………………………………………….. 333
  • Table 157: Types of smart textiles…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 335
  • Table 158: Smart textile products…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 336
  • Table 159. Market overview for graphene in smart textiles and apparel……………………………………………… 338
  • Table 160. Scorecard for graphene in smart textiles and apparel………………………………………………………. 339
  • Table 161. Market and applications for graphene in smart textiles and apparel…………………………………… 339
  • Table 162: Demand for graphene in textiles (tons), 2018-2030…………………………………………………………. 346
  • Table 163: Graphene product developers in smart textiles and apparel……………………………………………… 347
  • Table 164. Market overview for graphene in construction…………………………………………………………………. 349
  • Table 165. Scorecard for graphene in construction………………………………………………………………………….. 350
  • Table 166. Graphene for cement…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 350
  • Table 167. Graphene for asphalt bitumen……………………………………………………………………………………….. 351
  • Table 168. Graphene for ultra-high-performance concrete……………………………………………………………….. 351
  • Table 169: Demand for graphene in construction (tons), 2018-2030………………………………………………….. 352
  • Table 170: Graphene product developers in construction…………………………………………………………………. 353
  • Table 171. Market overview for graphene in 3D printing…………………………………………………………………… 356
  • Table 172. Scorecard for graphene in 3D printing……………………………………………………………………………. 356
  • Table 173. Market and applications for graphene in 3D printing………………………………………………………… 356
  • Table 174: Graphene properties relevant to application in optical modulators…………………………………….. 359
  • Table 175: Demand for graphene in photonics, 2018-2030………………………………………………………………. 362
  • Table 176: Product developers in graphene photonics……………………………………………………………………… 363
  • Table 177: Graphene producers and types produced………………………………………………………………………. 365
  • Table 178: Graphene producers target market matrix………………………………………………………………………. 369
  • Table 179: Graphene product developers and end users target market matrix……………………………………. 373
  • Table 180. Key graphene players competitive analysis…………………………………………………………………….. 493
  • Table 184: 2D materials types……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 495
  • Table 185: Electronic and mechanical properties of monolayer phosphorene, graphene and MoS2………. 501
  • Table 186: Market opportunity assessment for phosphorene applications………………………………………….. 505
  • Table 187: Market opportunity assessment for graphitic carbon nitride applications…………………………….. 507
  • Table 188: Market opportunity assessment for germanene applications…………………………………………….. 509
  • Table 189: Market opportunity assessment for graphdiyne applications…………………………………………….. 512
  • Table 190: Market opportunity assessment for graphane applications……………………………………………….. 513
  • Table 191: Market opportunity assessment for hexagonal boron nitride applications…………………………… 516
  • Table 192: Market opportunity assessment for molybdenum disulfide applications……………………………… 520
  • Table 193: Market opportunity assessment for Rhenium disulfide (ReS2) and diselenide (ReSe2) applications…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 522
  • Table 194: Market opportunity assessment for silicene applications………………………………………………….. 525
  • Table 195: Market opportunity assessment for stanine/tinene applications…………………………………………. 527
  • Table 196: Market opportunity assessment for tungsten diselenide applications…………………………………. 528
  • Table 197: Comparative analysis of graphene and other 2-D nanomaterials………………………………………. 530
  • Table 198: Categorization of nanomaterials……………………………………………………………………………………. 537

Figures

  • Figure 1. Demand for graphene, by market, 2018. Figures based on market graphene producers sell to, including samples…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 32
  • Figure 2. Demand for graphene, 2010-2030……………………………………………………………………………………… 47
  • Figure 3: Demand for graphene in China, by market, 2018…………………………………………………………………. 48
  • Figure 4: Demand for graphene in China, by market, 2030…………………………………………………………………. 49
  • Figure 5: Demand for graphene in Asia-Pacific, by market, 2018………………………………………………………… 49
  • Figure 6: Demand for graphene in Asia-Pacific, by market, 2030………………………………………………………… 50
  • Figure 7: Demand for graphene in North America, by market, 2018…………………………………………………….. 53
  • Figure 8: Demand for graphene in North America, by market, 2030…………………………………………………….. 53
  • Figure 9: Demand for graphene in Europe, by market, 2018………………………………………………………………. 54
  • Figure 10: Vittoria bike tires incorporating graphene………………………………………………………………………….. 55
  • Figure 11: Global government funding for graphene in millions USD to 2018……………………………………….. 61
  • Figure 12: Demand for graphene in Europe, by market, 2030…………………………………………………………….. 70
  • Figure 13: Graphene layer structure schematic…………………………………………………………………………………. 71
  • Figure 14: Graphite and graphene…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 72
  • Figure 15: Graphene and its descendants: top right: graphene; top left: graphite = stacked graphene; bottom right: nanotube=rolled graphene; bottom left: fullerene=wrapped graphene. ………………………………….. 73
  • Figure 16: Schematic of (a) CQDs and (c) GQDs. HRTEM images of (b) C-dots and (d) GQDs showing combination of zigzag and armchair edges (positions marked as 1–4)…………………………………………… 76
  • Figure 17: Green-fluorescing graphene quantum dots……………………………………………………………………….. 77
  • Figure 18: Graphene quantum dots…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 78
  • Figure 19: Fabrication methods of graphene…………………………………………………………………………………….. 81
  • Figure 20: TEM micrographs of: A) HR-CNFs; B) GANF® HR-CNF, it can be observed its high graphitic structure; C) Unraveled ribbon from the HR-CNF; D) Detail of the ribbon; E) Scheme of the structure of the HR-CNFs; F) Large single graphene oxide sheets derived from GANF…………………………………….. 83
  • Figure 21: Graphene nanoribbons grown on germanium……………………………………………………………………. 86
  • Figure 22: Schematic illustration of the main graphene production method………………………………………….. 88
  • Figure 23: (a) Graphene powder production line in The Sixth Element Materials Technology Co. Ltd. (b) Graphene film production line of Wuxi Graphene Films Co. Ltd…………………………………………………….. 90
  • Figure 24: Illustrative procedure of the Scotch-tape based micromechanical cleavage of HOPG……………. 92
  • Figure 25: Published patent publications for graphene, 2004-2018……………………………………………………… 97
  • Figure 26: Demand for graphene, 2010-2030………………………………………………………………………………….. 102
  • Figure 27: Graphene oxide production capacity in tons by region, 2010-2018…………………………………….. 105
  • Figure 28: Graphene nanoplatelets capacity in tons by region, 2010-2018…………………………………………. 107
  • Figure 29: CVD Graphene on Cu Foil…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 107
  • Figure 30: The SkelStart Engine Start Module 2.0 based on the graphene-based SkelCap ultracapacitors. 119
  • Figure 31. Applications of graphene in batteries………………………………………………………………………………. 122
  • Figure 32: Graphene concept car…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 125
  • Figure 33: Demand for graphene in batteries (tons), 2018-2030……………………………………………………….. 127
  • Figure 34. Applications of graphene in 3D printing…………………………………………………………………………… 133
  • Figure 35: Demand for graphene in 3-D printing (tons), 2018-2030……………………………………………………. 135
  • Figure 36: Graphene Adhesives…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 137
  • Figure 37. Applications of graphene in adhesives……………………………………………………………………………. 138
  • Figure 38: Demand for graphene in adhesives (tons), 2018-2030……………………………………………………… 140
  • Figure 39: Graphene aircraft…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 144
  • Figure 40: Graphene enhanced aircraft cargo container…………………………………………………………………… 145
  • Figure 41. Applications of graphene in aviation and aerospace…………………………………………………………. 146
  • Figure 42: Demand for graphene in aerospace (tons), 2018-2030…………………………………………………….. 150
  • Figure 43: Graphene-based automotive components……………………………………………………………………….. 154
  • Figure 44: Supercar incorporating graphene…………………………………………………………………………………… 155
  • Figure 45: Antistatic graphene tire…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 155
  • Figure 46. Applications of graphene in automotive…………………………………………………………………………… 157
  • Figure 47: Potential addressable market for graphene in the automotive sector………………………………….. 160
  • Figure 48: Demand for graphene in automotive(tons), 2018-2030……………………………………………………… 161
  • Figure 49. Applications of graphene in paints and coatings………………………………………………………………. 164
  • Figure 50: Heat transfer coating developed at MIT…………………………………………………………………………… 165
  • Figure 51: Graphene-enhanced anti-corrosion aerosols under their Hycote brand………………………………. 173
  • Figure 52: Demand for graphene in paints and coatings (tons), 2018-2030………………………………………… 176
  • Figure 53. Global marke for graphene thermosets 2018-2030, tons…………………………………………………… 186
  • Figure 54. Potential market for graphene thermoplastics 2018-2030, tons………………………………………….. 186
  • Figure 55: Moxi flexible film developed for smartphone application……………………………………………………. 194
  • Figure 56: Flexible graphene touch screen……………………………………………………………………………………… 194
  • Figure 57: Flexible organic light emitting diode (OLED) using graphene electrode………………………………. 195
  • Figure 58. Applications of graphene in electronics…………………………………………………………………………… 197
  • Figure 59: Demand for graphene in electronics, 2018-2030……………………………………………………………… 204
  • Figure 60: Printed graphene conductive ink…………………………………………………………………………………….. 210
  • Figure 61: Flexible RFID tag………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 210
  • Figure 62: Textiles covered in conductive graphene ink……………………………………………………………………. 211
  • Figure 63. Applications of graphene in conductive inks…………………………………………………………………….. 214
  • Figure 64: Demand for graphene in conductive ink (tons), 2018-2030……………………………………………….. 216
  • Figure 65. Applications of graphene in transistors and integrated circuits…………………………………………… 220
  • Figure 66: Graphene IC in wafer tester…………………………………………………………………………………………… 221
  • Figure 67: A monolayer WS2-based flexible transistor array…………………………………………………………….. 221
  • Figure 68: Demand for graphene in transistors and integrated circuits, 2018-2030……………………………… 226
  • Figure 69. Applications of graphene in memory devices…………………………………………………………………… 230
  • Figure 70: Graphene oxide-based RRAm device on a flexible substrate…………………………………………….. 231
  • Figure 71: Layered structure of tantalum oxide, multilayer graphene and platinum used for resistive random access memory (RRAM)…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 232
  • Figure 72: Demand for graphene in memory devices, 2018-2030……………………………………………………… 234
  • Figure 73. Applications of graphene in supercapacitors……………………………………………………………………. 237
  • Figure 74: Skeleton Technologies ultracapacitor……………………………………………………………………………… 238
  • Figure 75: Stretchable graphene supercapacitor……………………………………………………………………………… 240
  • Figure 76: Demand for graphene in supercapacitors (tons), 2018-2030……………………………………………… 243
  • Figure 77. Applications of graphene in photovoltaics……………………………………………………………………….. 247
  • Figure 78: Solar cell with nanowires and graphene electrode……………………………………………………………. 248
  • Figure 79: Demand for graphene in photovoltaics (tons), 2018-2030…………………………………………………. 251
  • Figure 80. Applications of graphene in fuel cells……………………………………………………………………………… 255
  • Figure 81: Demand for graphene in fuel cells (tons), 2018-2030……………………………………………………….. 258
  • Figure 82. Applications of graphene in lighting………………………………………………………………………………… 261
  • Figure 83: Demand for graphene in lighting, 2018-2030…………………………………………………………………… 264
  • Figure 84. Applications of graphene in oil and gas…………………………………………………………………………… 268
  • Figure 85: Schematic of boron doped graphene for application in gas sensors…………………………………… 270
  • Figure 86: Directa Plus Grafysorber……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 272
  • Figure 87: Nanometer-scale pores in single-layer freestanding graphene membrane can effectively filter NaCl salt from water……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 273
  • Figure 88: Demand for graphene in oil and gas (tons), 2018-2030…………………………………………………….. 275
  • Figure 89. Applications of graphene in filtration……………………………………………………………………………….. 281
  • Figure 90: Graphene filtration membrane……………………………………………………………………………………….. 282
  • Figure 91: Degradation of organic dye molecules by graphene hybrid composite photocatalysts………….. 283
  • Figure 92: Graphene anti-smog mask…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 283
  • Figure 93: Demand for graphene in filtration (tons), 2018-2030…………………………………………………………. 285
  • Figure 94. Applications of graphene in life sciences and medicine…………………………………………………….. 293
  • Figure 95: Graphene-Oxide based chip prototypes for biopsy-free early cancer diagnosis…………………… 298
  • Figure 96: GraphWear wearable sweat sensor………………………………………………………………………………… 303
  • Figure 97: Global medical and healthcare smart textiles and wearables market, 2015-2027, billions $….. 306
  • Figure 98: Global medical and healthcare smart textiles and wearables market, 2015-2027, billions $….. 306
  • Figure 99: Potential addressable market for graphene-enabled applications in the biomedical and healthcare market………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 309
  • Figure 100: Demand for graphene in life sciences and medical (tons), 2018-2030………………………………. 310
  • Figure 101. Applications of graphene in lubricants…………………………………………………………………………… 313
  • Figure 102: Demand for graphene in lubricants (tons), 2018-2030…………………………………………………….. 317
  • Figure 103. Applications of graphene in rubber and tires………………………………………………………………….. 320
  • Figure 104: Demand for graphene in rubber and tires (tons), 2018-2030……………………………………………. 322
  • Figure 105. Applications of graphene in sensors……………………………………………………………………………… 326
  • Figure 106: Demand for graphene in sensors (tons), 2018-2030……………………………………………………….. 333
  • Figure 107. Applications of graphene in smart textiles and apparel……………………………………………………. 340
  • Figure 108: Colmar graphene ski jacket…………………………………………………………………………………………. 342
  • Figure 109: Conductive yarns………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 343
  • Figure 110: Graphene-enhanced ski garments………………………………………………………………………………… 344
  • Figure 111: Inov-8 graphene shoes……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 344
  • Figure 112: Demand for graphene in textiles (tons), 2018-2030………………………………………………………… 347
  • Figure 113. Applications of graphene in construction……………………………………………………………………….. 352
  • Figure 114: Demand for graphene in construction (tons), 2018-2030…………………………………………………. 353
  • Figure 115. Applications of graphene in 3D printing…………………………………………………………………………. 357
  • Figure 116: Hybrid graphene phototransistors…………………………………………………………………………………. 360
  • Figure 117: Wearable health monitor incorporating graphene photodetectors…………………………………….. 360
  • Figure 118: Flexible PEN coated with graphene and a QD thin film (20nm) is highly visibly transparent and photosensitive……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 361
  • Figure 119: Demand for graphene in photonics, 2018-2030……………………………………………………………… 363
  • Figure 120: Graphene flake products……………………………………………………………………………………………… 381
  • Figure 121: Prototype of Graphene-integrated UF filter cartridge………………………………………………………. 478
  • Figure 123: Schematic of 2-D materials………………………………………………………………………………………….. 497
  • Figure 124: Borophene schematic…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 499
  • Figure 125: Black phosphorus structure…………………………………………………………………………………………. 500
  • Figure 126: Black Phosphorus crystal…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 501
  • Figure 127: Bottom gated flexible few-layer phosphorene transistors with the hydrophobic dielectric encapsulation………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 503
  • Figure 128: Graphitic carbon nitride……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 506
  • Figure 129: Structural difference between graphene and C2N-h2D crystal: (a) graphene; (b) C2N-h2D crystal. Credit: Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology………………………………………………………… 506
  • Figure 130: Schematic of germanene…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 508
  • Figure 131: Graphdiyne structure…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 510
  • Figure 132: Schematic of Graphane crystal…………………………………………………………………………………….. 512
  • Figure 133: Structure of hexagonal boron nitride……………………………………………………………………………… 514
  • Figure 134: BN nanosheet textiles application…………………………………………………………………………………. 516
  • Figure 135: Structure of 2D molybdenum disulfide…………………………………………………………………………… 517
  • Figure 136: SEM image of MoS2……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 518
  • Figure 137: Atomic force microscopy image of a representative MoS2 thin-film transistor……………………. 519
  • Figure 138: Schematic of the molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) thin-film sensor with the deposited molecules that create additional charge…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 520
  • Figure 139: Schematic of a monolayer of rhenium disulfide………………………………………………………………. 521
  • Figure 140: Silicene structure………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 523
  • Figure 141: Monolayer silicene on a silver (111) substrate……………………………………………………………….. 523
  • Figure 142: Silicene transistor……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 524
  • Figure 143: Crystal structure for stanene………………………………………………………………………………………… 526
  • Figure 144: Atomic structure model for the 2D stanene on Bi2Te3(111)…………………………………………….. 526
  • Figure 145: Schematic of tungsten diselenide…………………………………………………………………………………. 527
  • Figure 146: Schematic of Indium Selenide (InSe)……………………………………………………………………………. 530

 

 

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