Carbon nanotubes, graphene, 2D materials and nanodiamonds
Published November 16 2016 | 778 pages | Download Table of contents
This is a golden era for nanostructured carbon materials research. Graphitic carbon materials such as carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and graphene are the strongest, lightest and most conductive fibres known to man, with a performance-per-weight greater than any other material. In direct competition in a number of markets, they are complementary in others.
Once the most promising of all nanomaterials, CNTs face stiff competition in conductive applications from graphene and other 2D materials and in mechanically enhanced composites from nanocellulose. However, after considerable research efforts, numerous multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs)-enhanced products are commercially available. Super-aligned CNT arrays, films and yarns have found applications in consumer electronics, batteries, polymer composites, aerospace, sensors, heaters, filters and biomedicine.
Large-scale industrial production of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) has been initiated, promising new market opportunities in transparent conductive films, transistors, sensors and memory devices. SWNTs are regarded as one of the most promising candidates to utilized as building blocks in next generation electronics.
Two-dimensional(2D) materials are currently one of the most active areas of nanomaterials research, and offer a huge opportunity for both fundamental studies and practical applications, including superfast, low-power, flexible and wearable electronics, sensors, photonics and electrochemical energy storage devices that will have an immense impact on our society.
Graphene is a ground-breaking two-dimensional (2D) material that possesses extraordinary electrical and mechanical properties that promise a new generation of innovative devices. New methods of scalable synthesis of high-quality graphene, clean delamination transfer and device integration have resulted in the commercialization of state-of-the-art electronics such as graphene touchscreens in smartphones and flexible RF devices on plastics.
Beyond graphene, emerging elementary 2D materials such as transition metal dichalcogenides, group V systems including phosphorene, and related isoelectronic structures will potentially allow for flexible electronics and field-effect transistors that exhibit ambipolar transport behaviour with either a direct band-gap or greater gate modulation.
Nanodiamonds (NDs), also called detonation diamonds (DND) or ultradispersed diamonds (UDD), are relatively easy and inexpensive to produce, and have moved towards large-scale commercialization due to their excellent mechanical, thermal properties and chemical stability. Based upon their primary particle sizes, they have been classified into:
- nanocrystalline particles (1 to ≥150 nm)
- ultrananocrystalline particles (2 to 10 nm)
- diamondoids (1 to 2 nm).
Carbon nanotubes, graphene and 2D materials and nanodiamonds exhibit a unique combination of mechanical, thermal, electronic and optical properties that provide opportunities for new innovation in:
Electronics & photonics
- Conductive electrode films for flexible displays.
- Transparent conductive films for large area and high-efficiency organic light emitting diodes.
- 2D printable and transparent ultrathin electronic devices.
- 2D transistors and circuits.
- RFID tags.
- 2D magnetic semiconductors.
- Conductive inks for wearable electronics.
- 2d MOSFETs.
- Inkjet-printed electronics.
- Flexible Graphene FETs.
- Flexible TMD FETs for digital logic and RF.
- Graphene optical modulators.
- Electrically conductive textiles
- Li-ion battery additives.
- Aerogel anodes for LIBs.
- Proton exchange fuel cell membranes.
- Hydrogen fuel cells.
- CNT cathodes fithium sulfur batteries.
- Electrodes for supercapacitors.
- Transparent electrodes in photovoltaic cells.
- SiG anodes.
- Thermal spreaders.
- Catalysts for energy conversion.
- Sustainable electrocatalysis and photocatalysis.
- Nanofluids for heat dissipation.
- Flexible electrodes for polymer solar cells.
- Tire additives for improved abrasion resistance.
- Anti-scratch and anti-corrosion coatings.
- Automotive composites.
- Anti-fogging coatings.
- De-icing coatings.
- Electrically conductive composites.
- EMI shielding coatings.
- Anti-corrosion coatings.
- Glass additives.
- Shape memory alloys.
- Protective glass.
Biomedicine and healthcare
- Tissue engineering scaffols to facilitate cell growth and tissue regeneration.
- Carriers for drug delivery.
- Biosensor chips.
- Brain electrodes.
- Anti-bacterial materials.
- Gene therapy.
- Photodynamic therapy.
- Cell imaging using carbon quantum dots.
- Bone repair.
- Glucose biosensors.
- Wound management and anti-bacterial.
- Graphene hydrogels for controlled delivery of drugs.
- Porous carriers for drug delivery.
- Carbon nanoonions as imaging probes.
- Nanocomposites for wind turbines.
- Barrier packaging materials.
- ESD and EMI shielding.
- Sporting goods composites (e.g. bike tires).
- Composites with improved conductive and thermal properties.
- Nanocomposite yarns.
- Adhesives and pads for thermal interface materials.
- Shape memory.
- Gas separation membranes.
- Photocatalytic absorbents.
- Ultrathin, high-flux and energy-efficient sieving membranes.
- Arsenic removal from water.
- Water desalination.
- Electrochemical sensors.
- DNA detection platforms.
- Pressure sensors.
- Optical sensors.
- Humidity sensors.
- Acoustic sensors.
- Wireless sensors.
This 778 page report on the carbon nanotubes, graphene and 2D materials and nanodiamonds market is by far the most comprehensive and authoritative report produced.
- Production volumes, estimated to 2025
- Commercialization timelines and technology trends
- Carbon nanotubes and graphene products, now and planned
- Comparative analysis of carbon nanotubes and graphene
- Assessment of carbon nanomaterials market including production volumes, competitive landscape, commercial prospects, applications, demand by market and region, commercialization timelines, prices and producer profiles.
- Assessment of end user markets for carbon nanomaterials including market drivers and trends, applications, market opportunity, market challenges and application and product developer profiles.
- Unique assessment tools for the carbon nanomaterials market, end user applications, economic impact, addressable markets and market challenges to provide the complete picture of where the real opportunities in carbon nanomaterials are.
- Company profiles of carbon nanotubes, graphene, 2D materials and nanodiamonds producers and product developers, including products, target markets and contact details